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How do bullets fly?
Presented by Tuffsteel Mfg, LLC

That´s how they fly!

Author: Ruprecht Nennstiel

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This document attempts to explain the basics of the complicated subject of bullet motion through the atmosphere and avoids formulas as well as mathematics, but expects familiarity with the way of physical thinking. It includes new experimental observations of bullets fired from small arms, both at short and at long ranges. Numerous illustrations are included and can be viewed via links to promote further understanding. This article is also thought as an introduction for all types of readers (hunters, sportsmen, ballisticians, forensic scientists), interested in the "mysteries" of the exterior ballistics of bullets, fired from small arms. It is mainly intended for the following readership:
  • Hunters and sportsmen, having an interest in exterior ballistics,
  • Firearm and CCW instructors
  • Shooting competitors
  • Forensic firearm examiners, especially "newcomers" in the field.


In reading this paper, it is recommended to follow the succession of chapters below.


Viewing of figures is highly recommended!



Yawing motion of handgun bullets


Something for those who love physics!

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This document has been continuously improved by the input of readers! Many thanks to all of them!
Further suggestions are welcome! Before posing a question, please read the FAQ chapter!

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